Grid Architecture

NERC (North American Electric Reliability Corporation)

  • Oversees all of the interconnected power systems of the contiguous United States, Canada, and a portion of Baja California in Mexico

Screen Shot 2016-03-23 at 7.13.19 PM

  • 8 Federal Energy Regulatory Commissions
    • ReliabilityFirst – (RF)
      • Michigan

United States Power Grid.jpg


FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission)


Distributed Architecture

-Vs. Current System

  • External factors unmeasured
    • Negative impacts on society
    • Environment
    • Future generations




  • Lithium use in rechargeable batteries increased from 0% of the market share in 1991 to 80% in 2007 – In EU

Screen Shot 2016-03-31 at 4.24.44 PM